Understand the theoretical basis of and anatomic effects of hypoglossal nerve stimulation, along with patient selection criteria, indications and contraindications to implanatation. Demonstrate knowledge of care of patients during implantation surgery and subsequent procedures.
Understand how cold temperatures applied to nerve tissue result in reversible nerve damage, evaluate the avvailable literature on cryoneurolysis to treat pain caused by sensory nerves, and recognize the patient populations who may beneffit from cryoneurolysis treatment for sensory nerve pain.
Understand how technique and selection of specific corticcosteroids used for epidural injection can manage chronic back pain and radicular pain effectively while minimizing risk that leads to unnecessary harm.
Enable anesthesia providers to possess current evidence-based knowledge of pulmonary mechanics which will enable them to interpret bedside measurements and waveforms, prescribe optimal ventilator settings that minimize pulmonary sequela and ensuring homeostasis. Additionally, employ pressure support ventilation during GA and emergence in order to ensure optimal pulmonary function and sequelae.